Doing Science 4.0: Part 1. What is Science 4.0?

This is the first in a series in which I investigate what Science 4.0 is and whether this really does offer us a new way of doing science. So first of all what is Science 4.0? Perhaps this can be answered by understanding what Science 2.0 (R) is (Science 2.0 is a term trademarked by Hank Campbell).  Turning firstly to the repository of online knowledge – Wikipedia – at the time of writing Science 2.0 (R) is described primarily as a way of communicating. Wikipedia has developed editing guidelines which help the reader to assess the quality of the articles. At the time of writing the article on Science 2.0 is described as having ‘multiple issues’ including a dispute of the article’s ‘neutrality’. Bearing this in mind, I had a look through the article to examine the themes that came up. The themes included the following

- The use of Web 2.0 technologies

- Creating digitised conversations which contextualise data

- Creating an open culture through the open science movement (open data, open source, open access)

- Making information available in new ways

- Facilitating cooperation between groups

- Collaborative rather than individual publishing

- Involving large rather than small groups of specialists to solve problems

- An ongoing and open review process

- Software can be used to facilitate data analysis

- Data driven science rather than hypothesis driven science

The themes can be described as a combination of values and processes. However there is no obviously unifying philosophy that I could identify. This perhaps reflects more on the article than Science 2.0 (R). The Wikipedia article also looks at some of the challenges faced by Science 2.0 (R) and these include

- Getting things noticed

- The complexities of producing open data

- The licensing of open data

- The focus on the technology rather than the people

- Finding the right information

- Trusting the open science platform

- The problems associated with publishing incomplete data

- Quality

These difficulties also help in defining the concept of Science 4.0. However a better understanding of Science 4.0 could result from a careful consideration of Science itself and also of the philosophy of science.

An index of the site can be found here. The page contains links to all of the articles in the blog in chronological order. Twitter: You can follow ‘The Amazing World of Psychiatry’ Twitter by clicking on this link. Podcast: You can listen to this post on Odiogo by clicking on this link (there may be a small delay between publishing of the blog article and the availability of the podcast). It is available for a limited period. TAWOP Channel: You can follow the TAWOP Channel on YouTube by clicking on this link. Responses: If you have any comments, you can leave them below or alternatively e-mail justinmarley17@yahoo.co.uk. Disclaimer: The comments made here represent the opinions of the author and do not represent the profession or any body/organisation. The comments made here are not meant as a source of medical advice and those seeking medical advice are advised to consult with their own doctor. The author is not responsible for the contents of any external sites that are linked to in this blog.

2 thoughts on “Doing Science 4.0: Part 1. What is Science 4.0?

  1. Pingback: Doing Science 2.0. Web 2.0. « The Amazing World of Psychiatry: A Psychiatry Blog

  2. Pingback: The Big Society 2.0: The Augmented Society « Marc T Farina

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