The Human Brain Project and Decoding Dreams News Roundup: April 2013 1st Edition (Updated April 7th)

There is an interesting post at ‘Whose Shoes?’ which looks at resilience and aging as well as the process of Dementia Research.

The risk of urinary tract infections was found to be increased 29 fold in relapse of Schizophrenia compared to healthy controls in this study http://ow.ly/jL11G 

Dr Oliver Sacks has published a paper in Brain describing a variation of musical hallucinations. In this form of musical hallucinations people see the musical score.

50 cases of Delusional Infestation are covered in the Asian Journal of Psychiatry.

There is a British Journal of Psychiatry paper on anti-stigma training for medical students here.

Researchers have found evidence that Oligodendrocytes may play a role in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis.

This paper looks at the effect of language on the influence of Psychiatry articles

Apathy (measured using the apathy evaluation scale) in people with Dementia or Mild Cognitive Impairment was associated with reduced daytime activity (measured using a wrist-worn actigraph) in this study.

Smokers genes – the evidence from a 4 decade study.

Source memory was unimpaired in people with Parkinson’s Disease compared to an older adult control group in this study although there was an impairment in executive function in the former group (in keeping with previous research).

Several DNA regions have been identified in a Genome Wide Association study which may play a role in Alzheimer’s Disease (one of which is associated with Tau and Amyloid-Beta).

In this study there wasn’t found to be a difference in Hippocampal volume between people with Alzheimer’s Disease and behavioural variant Frontotemporal Dementia. The researchers suggest Hippocampal sclerosis in the latter group may account for this finding.

Researchers in this meta-analysis found a small but significant relationship between Amyloid Beta load and cognition.

A new rating scale for the negative symptoms of Schizophrenia – the CAINS is covered in this piece.

This systematic review did not show evidence of impaired social cognition in people with Bulimia Nervosa in the studies examined.

Increased risk of Stroke estimated with the Framingham Stroke Risk Profile was associated with reduced cognitive performance in several areas in this study. Previous research shows the relationship between cognition and vascular risk factors and this study supports this evidence.

Standardized low-resolution brain electromagnetic tomography (sLORETA) showed evidence of altered activity in the Default Mode Network in people with Vascular Cognitive Impairment Non Dementia in this study.

There is a tour by the Chinese American Psychoanalytic Alliance (CAPA) in China in 2013 http://bit.ly/ZlL6HB 

Neuroscience

Research Digest Psychology links from the past week.

Dr Guadagno discusses internet memes that go viral in terms of a theory of emotional contagion in this post.

Mo Costandi covers the decoding of dreams in this piece.

The ambitious Human Brain Project in Europe is covered in this piece but President Obama has announced another ambitious project – the Brain Mapping Initiative.

Does chewing speed up cognitive processing? http://dlvr.it/3BXlLW 

There is an interesting article in Time which looks at the ‘Temporal Doppler Effect‘ whereby memories of past events seem further away than anticipated but equidistant events in the future.

Neuroscience in Fiction is discussed in this post at Scientific American http://bit.ly/12sbYCy

Evidence for how children might learn scientific thinking from their parents.

This study looks at traumatic brain injury and CSF alpha-synuclein positing a possible relationship which merits further research.

The Retrosplenial Cortex and long term memory.

Vitamin P and neuronal damage are examined in this study.

A possible role for microsaccades.

Open Science

There is a new PubChem interface for researchers to upload chemical structures (relevant to researchers in genetics and biochemistry etc) http://1.usa.gov/10Fl8c7 

Education/Academic

There is a discussion of interesting research suggesting that when teachers use hand gestures they are more effective at teaching maths to students – this is discussed at National Geographic http://dlvr.it/3BRxnK.

 There are tips on how to get projects from the ideas stage to paper http://ow.ly/jNVZr and then how to generate a powerpoint presentation from the finished paper http://ow.ly/jNVZk 

How to get from a dissertation to a book in 12 steps is covered in this piece

Is good science related to a clear methodology? http://ow.ly/jNVIU

Seven tips for efficient teaching.

What is a syllabus?

 Evolutionary Psychiatry/Evolution/Culture

A DNA study links groups in Polynesia and Brazil and sheds light on possible early migration routes.

Professor Pigliucci asks if culture is an evolutionary process in this post

De-extinction is covered in this post.

Sniffing may act as a form of communication in some species with supporting evidence from this study.

Neandertal findings in Kalamakia suggest this may have been an early point of contact with humans.

Psychiatry 2.0

There are a few interesting articles from the blogosphere on the nature of consciousness

Introduction to Consciousness http://ow.ly/jNW2z 

Consciousness of the Future at the TSC http://ow.ly/jNW2t 

In Search of the Mind: An Introduction to the Hard Problem of Consciousness – Part one http://ow.ly/jNW47  In Search of the Mind: An Introduction to the Hard Problem of Consciousness – Part Two http://ow.ly/jNW2a  Insights into Conciousness – Give Phenomenology a Chance

Daniel Bohr: Notes from a consciousness conference – Part 1: Hypnosis & Magic  Notes from a consciousness conference – Part 2: The neural symphony of consciousness fading  The borders surrounding our conscious world (Notes from a Consciousness Conference Pt 3

Consciousness – Tononi-Koch versus Searle. There is also a podcast on decoding consciousness here.

Miscellaneous

3D printing materials which function like living tissues have been produced using a 3D printer

Researchers at Vienna University have created a virtual reality maze of unlimited size but which can be navigated within a single room (in the real world). The maze is generated as the person walks through the virtual world while maintaining firm boundaries with the confines of the real world room that the person is in (meaning that they won’t walk into real walls). There is a video at the New Scientist website which illustrates the virtual maze in action. There are many potential research applications of this technology.

A new research study suggests that there are now 7 social classes in Britain.

NHS Choices have a very helpful look at recent research looking at the benefits of walking http://bit.ly/YAB2HU 

This study looks at how lifestyle in adulthood influences loss of height with age.

 

Appendix

News Round-Up 2008-2011

News Round-Up 2012

Index: There are indices for the TAWOP site here and here Twitter: You can follow ‘The Amazing World of Psychiatry’ Twitter by clicking on this link. Podcast: You can listen to this post on Odiogo by clicking on this link (there may be a small delay between publishing of the blog article and the availability of the podcast). It is available for a limited period. TAWOP Channel: You can follow the TAWOP Channel on YouTube by clicking on this link. Responses: If you have any comments, you can leave them below or alternatively e-mail justinmarley17@yahoo.co.uk. Disclaimer: The comments made here represent the opinions of the author and do not represent the profession or any body/organisation. The comments made here are not meant as a source of medical advice and those seeking medical advice are advised to consult with their own doctor. The author is not responsible for the contents of any external sites that are linked to in this blog.

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