Category Archives: Awareness

Movies and Mental Illness: What Do We Do About Stigma? (Updated 12.11.13)

iStock_000009307982LargeI’m a great fan of films and really grateful to the film industry for the entertainment they’ve produced. I’m grateful for free speech, letting everyone have their say even if we don’t like what it is they’re saying. But there come’s a point when we have to just take a step back and see the bigger picture.

Mental illness is extremely common. Most people will experience mental illness during their lives. Sometimes this might be very brief and might not impact too greatly on their lives. A person might have a mild acute adjustment reaction which resolves and allows them to move on with their life

Other people might have more severe adjustment reactions. They might have a Bipolar illness with recurrent Depression, chronic Schizophrenia which may be treatment resistant or be developing Dementia with a severe course. Even for these illnesses the course varies considerably between people. Some people with mental illness aren’t able to speak up for themselves. They might have difficulties with cognition including language and just won’t be able to understand what is happening or to hold and communicate views about these issues.

Movie stars are iconic figures. Watching movies has a universal appeal. They make us laugh and cry, make our hearts race and can make us feel good when we come out. With all of this that the movie industry has given us, there are times when it isn’t so good. There are (thankfully rare) times when the films can be harmful for people with mental illness. There are times when the films are so influential that other organisations base entire events on a single film. These events in turn can be harmful.

Here are some films that in my opinion are stigmatising for people with a mental illness.

1. One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest (1975). In this film one of the main characters played by Jack Nicholson goes into an inpatient unit. He gets into conflict with Nurse Ratched and after a course of Electroconvulsive Therapy used as a ‘punishment’ he undergoes a lobotomy to control his behaviour. One of the other characters in the film kills him to stop his suffering. To add to this the film won numerous oscars, BAFTA’s and Golden Globe Awards. Despite the passage of nearly 37 years the film has had a profound cultural influence. I wonder how many people have refused ECT or coming into an inpatient unit because of seeing this film.

2. Halloween (1978). A boy is institutionalised and emerges after many years to go on a killing spree. The film spawns a number of sequels and is classically associated with the use of a chainsaw mask. There is a description here of how the film was made. The premise of the film is that the main character is the most evil boy in the world. From this IMDB review, ‘After being institutionalised for 15 years, Myers breaks out on the night before Halloween…..no one knows, nor wants to find out, what will happen on October 31st 1978 besides Myers’ psychiatrist Dr Loomis‘.

3. Psycho (1960). Norman Bates, dead mother kept in the house, shower, knife and a psychiatrist that talks about a split personality. Psycho can be short for psychopathy and psychotic leading in my opinion to one of the most unfortunate associations in film history for people with mental illness.

4. The Crazies (1973) and the remake. Crazy is a pejorative label for mental illness and the premise of these films is that a toxin makes people mentally ill and dangerous. Unaffected people must defend themselves.

5. The Demented (2013). In this film the afflicated afflicted become zombies and are the focus of the title. Those unaffected must defend themselves. There is a lot of stigma about Dementia with a number of excellent campaigns to raise awareness. The last thing that’s needed is a film with a title like this.

6. American Psycho (2000). The title suffers the same problem as Psycho and makes an unfortunate links with axes. A title change would be sufficient to avoid this association.

If you can think of other titles to add, just include them in the comments section (there might be a delay of a few days before they are added).

Why tackle stigma in the movies – isn’t this taking it too far. Student nurse Katie Sutton has written this article about typical responses to an anti-stigma campaign. I’ve included some of the themes below.

Free speech – there is a right to express views or establish events even if these are not popular

Speech involves a balance between the right to express views and to consider the effects this has on others.

This is not meant to be realistic

Regardless of whether is realistic, for those with little knowledge of mental illness and its treatment this may inadvertently form a part of their education (about mental illness and its treatment).

How are people being made aware that this is unrealistic?

The financial support for mental health awareness campaigns is counterbalanced by the revenues generated and by and financial support for potentially stigmatising film portrayals of mental illness which may be unrealistic.

Its Just a Bit of Fun

There are lots of creative ways to do similar things without targetting people with mental illness

Having fun is incredibly important and can be done with planning. Why plan something that can perpetuate stigma which can cause suffering for others. It is an equation – not just looking at people having fun on one side but also people with something to lose on the other side.

Mental illness is very common. Most people are likely to develop mental illness at one point in their life. If films such as these perpetuate stigma then people having short term gains (i.e. fun) would find that stigma contributes to their experience if they later develop a mental illness.

Index: There are indices for the TAWOP site here and here Twitter: You can follow ‘The Amazing World of Psychiatry’ Twitter by clicking on this link. Podcast: You can listen to this post on Odiogo by clicking on this link (there may be a small delay between publishing of the blog article and the availability of the podcast). It is available for a limited period. TAWOP Channel: You can follow the TAWOP Channel on YouTube by clicking on this link. Responses: If you have any comments, you can leave them below or alternatively e-mail justinmarley17@yahoo.co.uk. Disclaimer: The comments made here represent the opinions of the author and do not represent the profession or any body/organisation. The comments made here are not meant as a source of medical advice and those seeking medical advice are advised to consult with their own doctor. The author is not responsible for the contents of any external sites that are linked to in this blog. Conflicts of Interest: For potential conflicts of interest please see the About section.

Campaigns Against Stigma: Update and A Closer Look at Stigma (Updated 12.11.13)

Jack-O-LanternIn a previous post I wrote about the stigmatisation of mental illness as a theme emerging during Halloween. Here are a few updates.

The story began with a campaign directed at supermarkets selling Halloween costumes with a mental illness theme. The supermarkets quickly apologised and withdrew the costumes.

Although unrelated to Halloween, a tabloid newspaper reported on homicide in people with mental illness. The headline perpetuated a stigmatising association between mental illness and homicide which was quickly challenged by mental health campaigners. I’ve written about this previously here and here. The Lancet article distinguishing fact from myth was particularly helpful in challenging the stigma. Subsequently a petition against the headline has reached 83,773 signatures at the time of writing. The newspaper published a ‘clarification and correction’ of the original story. Paul Jenkins CEO of Rethink, Paul Farmer CEO of Mind and Sue Baker director of ‘Time to Change’ met with staff from the newspaper and summarise the hopeful outcome in this article.

Although it was unrelated to Halloween the stigmatising link was soon reinvoked. Advertisements began for a series of Halloween events – ‘insanitorium’, ‘asylum’, ‘psychosis’ and ‘insanity’. Much of the subsequent discussion and campaigning was directed against the ‘asylum’ maze. Student nurse Katie Sutton did an outstanding job of starting up a petition which at the time of writing has 5503 signatures and went onto radio and television to advertise the petition. The Royal College of Psychiatrists joined forces with Rethink, Mind, Time to Change, The Lancet Psychiatry, The Lancet, Professor Graham Thornicroft, Katie Sutton and @sectioned_ to write a sensitive open letter to Thorpe Park. The response is contained within the above link and states that there are people who hold different views that this is not meant to represent reality and that adults have paid to come to the Park.

Katie Sutton has published an article responding to common retorts to the ongoing campaign and its worth restating here. I’ve also added a few other retorts and suggest some additional responses. (I’ve quoted some of the typical responses and paraphrased KS’s responses).

1. Its been going on for 8 years, why respond now?

KS: The campaigners have only just become aware of it

Additional Responses that I would suggest

Why shouldn’t a response take place at this point?

It is only now that social media platforms and surrounding infrastructure (e.g. charities) can support an effective response

2. ‘It’s just a bit of fun to scare people’

KS: Using simulation of mental illness as a form of entertainment is ethically wrong

KS: There would likely be a different response if people with physical illnesses were targetted in this way

Additional responses that I would suggest

There are lots of creative ways to do similar things without targetting people with mental illness

Having fun is incredibly important and can be done with planning. Why plan something that can perpetuate stigma which can cause suffering for others. It is an equation – not just looking at people having fun on one side but also people with something to lose on the other side.

Mental illness is very common. Most people are likely to develop mental illness at one point in their life. If rides such as these perpetuate stigma then people having short term gains (i.e. fun) would find that stigma contributes to their experience if they later develop a mental illness.

3. ‘Why do you want to ruin Halloween for everyone?’

KS: The target is one of the rides, and the aim is to make the world a better, safer place for everyone.

Additional responses that I would suggest

Halloween is not the target here. It is directed at the entertainment delivered by a small group of organisations which in some cases is just one aspect of the entertainment delivered.

If Halloween continues to be celebrated in this way without challenge such events and potential stigma could continue to increase in the future.

4. People don’t really believe that patients with mental illness are dangerous

KS: responds with studies published by or reported on by the National Mental Health Development Unit, Mental Health Cop and @mentallyjaded.

Additional responses that I would suggest

Stigma occurs in direct and indirect ways. Direct ways are easier to measure – they come out with behaviours towards people with mental illness or attitudes (e.g. expressed in surveys). Indirect stigma is more difficult to detect and involves inaction and avoidance where action and contact are needed e.g. services, communication, support. Events of this nature have the potential to influence people in both of these ways.

There is also something I refer to as self-directed stigma in which people who develop mental illness anticipate how others might perceive them. As a result they act differently to how they might if they didn’t hold this self-directed stigma e.g. they may choose not to come into hospital. Again events of this nature have the potential to influence this.

The combination of direct and indirect stigma as well as self-directed stigma can act in concert to result in general and more specific inequalities for people with mental illness. If events such as this contribute to stigma then it may influence such inequalities.

5. There are other similar attractions

KS: There are distinctions between other rides and the one considered

Additional responses that I would suggest

The attractions must be considered individually.

This is even more reason to challenge this. If Halloween continues to be celebrated in this way without challenge, such events and potential stigma could continue to increase in the future.

6. Its not meant to be a realistic experience

Open Letter response: Events such as these are creating culture.

Additional responses that I would suggest

Regardless of whether is realistic, for those with little knowledge of mental illness and its treatment this may inadvertently form a part of their education (about mental illness and its treatment).

How are people being made aware that this is unrealistic?

The financial support for mental health awareness campaigns is counterbalanced by the revenues generated and by and financial support for potentially stigmatising events and media portrayals of mental illness which may be unrealistic.

7. Its based on a horror film not real life

KS: The origin of the theme does not matter and there is artistic license

Additional responses that I would suggest

Let’s take a closer look at the films

8. You haven’t experienced it how can you know its stigmatising?

KS: All that is needed is a misrepresentation of mental illness

Additional responses that I would suggest

There is enough material about the maze available including footage and reviews in addition to the material about the theme to draw conclusions about stigmatisation.

9. The actors aren’t being described as patients

KS: The context is clear

Additional responses that I would suggest

The Asylum is culturally associated with people with mentally mental illness. Where are alternative associations being made in this case?

10. This is political correctness taken to an extreme

KS: The response by the supermarkets suggests that this is not

Additional responses that I would suggest

This is free speech.

Why is there pressure against people pointing out stigmatisation – does this happen with the reverse i.e. that its just a bit of fun

11. There are people with mental illness who do not object to this

KS: There is still a need in society to represent people with mental illness who do object to this.

Additional responses that I would suggest

Society helps people to express their views – although there is not a consensus the scale of response in petitions and other forums suggests that significant numbers of people object to this.

12. There are bigger things to worry about

KS: Stigma works on many levels and affects mentally ill people as well as services delivering care to them.

Additional responses that I would suggest

For people working in mental health or people with mental illness or having friends or family with mental illness these can be very important issues.

As mentally mental illness is very common it has the potential to be important to everyone.

13. Free speech – there is a right to express views or establish events even if these are not popular

Responses that I would suggest

Speech involves a balance between the right to express views and to consider the effects this has on others. The campaigns and petitions here have involved a dialogue. The core aspects of these campaigns/petitions have been conducted in a civilised way which allows others to make up their minds.

Index: There are indices for the TAWOP site here and here Twitter: You can follow ‘The Amazing World of Psychiatry’ Twitter by clicking on this link. Podcast: You can listen to this post on Odiogo by clicking on this link (there may be a small delay between publishing of the blog article and the availability of the podcast). It is available for a limited period. TAWOP Channel: You can follow the TAWOP Channel on YouTube by clicking on this link. Responses: If you have any comments, you can leave them below or alternatively e-mail justinmarley17@yahoo.co.uk. Disclaimer: The comments made here represent the opinions of the author and do not represent the profession or any body/organisation. The comments made here are not meant as a source of medical advice and those seeking medical advice are advised to consult with their own doctor. The author is not responsible for the contents of any external sites that are linked to in this blog. Conflicts of Interest: For potential conflicts of interest please see the About section.

The Royal College of Psychiatrists Writes Open Letter to Challenge Stigma (Updated 25.10.13)

awarenessThe Royal College of Psychiatrists along with journal editors, other charities and blog/twitter mental health campaigner @sectioned_ have joined forces to write an open letter to Thorpe Park about ‘The Asylum’ maze. This is a profound letter which explicitly outlines the reasons why the maze is stigmatising. The letter addresses injustices including those that happened in older Asylums and how this relates to perceptions of the Asylum maze.

Care of the mentally ill in the UK and elsewhere has been transformed for the better and so too have the approaches to challenging stigma.

Index: There are indices for the TAWOP site here and here Twitter: You can follow ‘The Amazing World of Psychiatry’ Twitter by clicking on this link. Podcast: You can listen to this post on Odiogo by clicking on this link (there may be a small delay between publishing of the blog article and the availability of the podcast). It is available for a limited period. TAWOP Channel: You can follow the TAWOP Channel on YouTube by clicking on this link. Responses: If you have any comments, you can leave them below or alternatively e-mail justinmarley17@yahoo.co.uk. Disclaimer: The comments made here represent the opinions of the author and do not represent the profession or any body/organisation. The comments made here are not meant as a source of medical advice and those seeking medical advice are advised to consult with their own doctor. The author is not responsible for the contents of any external sites that are linked to in this blog. Conflicts of Interest: For potential conflicts of interest please see the About section.

Halloween 2013: Is the Stigmatisation of Mental Illness Becoming A Commercial Theme? and How are People Responding in Social Media (Updated 22.10.13)

Jack-O-LanternHalloween is thought to have evolved from an ancient festival celebrated across the world – the festival of the dead. The theme was based around remembering and celebrating the lives of the dead. Later developments meant that Halloween was associated with ‘lost souls’ and even ‘evil spirits’ and the Jack-O-Lantern was thought to ‘ward off’ these evil spirits. The cultural associations of Halloween can be seen as many and varied. In more recent times the popularity of Halloween has been supported by commercial enterprises providing Halloween associated events and merchandise.

Why is this Relevant to Mental Health and Illness?

The reason that I am writing about Halloween here is that in the UK in 2013 a mental illness theme has appeared and widespread concerns about stigmatisation have emerged. The discussion began in September 2013. A number of Halloween costumes with a mental illness theme (e.g. hospital inpatients) were being sold. The details are neatly summarised in this post with links to other articles.

What was the Issue with the Costumes?

The costumes included a ‘mental patient’ and an outfit for someone on the ‘psycho ward’. One of the costumes came equipped with a meat cleaver just to avoid any ambiguity. The combination of the costumes and their descriptions communicated a simple message about mentally ill people on inpatient units. Most people with mental illness who receive treatment will get this in primary care and a smaller proportion in mental health community services. Inpatient assessment and treatment is reserved for the most complex cases.

For some people, coming into hospital is a difficult decision and perceived stigma is one of the contributing factors. Stigma comes in many forms. A quiet conversation amongst friends or colleagues at work might be the mildest forms of stigma. Big companies on the other hand play a vital role in society and are widely trusted. When costumes such as these appear in retailers with established brands it sends a powerful message out and some may see this as validating stigmatising views.

For those that haven’t thought much about mental illness and inpatient treatment such costumes may even provide ‘education’. A meat cleaver may link ‘inpatients’ with ‘threat to life’ and ‘danger’. In fact inpatient treatment is associated with people who are at their most vulnerable and require a supportive, trusting environment. For me, its difficult to understand how there can be such a disparity between reality and the images portrayed with the costumes above.

What was the Social Media Response?

In the cases above the social media response was incredible. Key players were charities Rethink and Mind through their websites and Twitter accounts. However the response worked because of widespread support. One poignant and powerful campaign on Twitter was #mentalpatient where people with mental illness shared pictures of themselves. The pictures revealed the truth about mental illness – that it can affect everyone. Instead of the strait-jacketed meat-cleaver wielding man we see women and men, casually or smartly dressed, young and old, relaxed and smiling into the camera. The ‘ plastic mask’ had slipped and instead we saw ourselves looking back at us – a powerful truth about mental illness. We didn’t need a special costume – just a large mirror so that people could reflect as they walked past.

The Response to the Response

There was a happy ending to the story. The shops responded quickly with an apology, removed the costumes and even contributed to charity. People worked collectively, negotiated and the shops responded to what people were saying. The process of challenging stigma appeared seamless in retrospect.

Intermezzo

With the challenge of the Halloween costumes in the stores finished it wasn’t long before the next event. This time it wasn’t related to Halloween but it helped to reinforce a link that had been there with the costumes. Two reports were published – ‘The National Confidential Inquiry into Suicide and Homicide‘ and ‘At Risk Yet Dismissed‘. One of the tabloids printed a story based on the report linking mental illness and homicide in the headline. I initially wrote about that story here. Subsequently I wrote about a very popular petition in response to the original tabloid article which at the time of writing has 82,869 signatures. The Lancet Psychiatry has just published a very nice editorial challenging the ‘myths’ around these studies with the facts.

However the link had been made again – mental illness was linked to danger, to homicide even though people with mental illness are more likely to be the victims of crime than members of the general population.

Deja Vu

It was therefore with a little surprise that I learnt about some further Halloween themed events. There were a variety of events to choose from – ‘asylum‘,  ‘insanitorium‘, ‘psychosis’ and ‘insanity‘. Included in these events, we see the return of the ‘mental patient’, a journey into the psychiatric ward and there is even an appearance by a chainsaw – just to avoid ambiguity. Tickets for one of the events are already sold out. The social media responses are neatly summarised in this post.

Halloween and Patients on Psychiatric Wards – Why the Link?

The theme throughout all of this (with the exception of the tabloid article) is that psychiatric inpatients are an appropriate theme for Halloween. Clearly I fundamentally disagree with this and so do a great many other people. Indeed not only do a lot of people disagree with this but they disagree very strongly with this. I can’t see that the theme has anything to do with the festival of the dead. There may be another link with morality however. The Jack-O-Lantern wards off evil spirits. The theme of the costumes and the events is permeated with images of blood and dangerous weapons with an air of foreboding. Why should such links happen at Halloween – perhaps it is because a link is being made with morality – the issue of good and evil.

Morality and Mental Illness – Wasn’t this Association Debunked in the Nineteenth Century with the creation of Psychiatry?

Johannes Reil coined the term Psychiatry in 1808 laying the foundation for the investigation and understanding of mental illness. Despite the gains made over the last two hundred years, there still appears to be a considerable gap between the professional and public understanding of mental illness. While there is a well informed segment of the general population there also appear to be strong prejudices that must be borne in mind. Forensic Psychiatrist Dr James Knoll has an excellent article on the public’s unfortunate association of mental illness and evil.

The Business of Stigmatising the Mentally Ill

One point out of all of this is that events, newspapers and costumes are commercially driven. People in charge of the commercial apparatus are in a position to make profit from those at the periphery of society and in so doing further stigmatise these people. If stigmatising ventures prove popular and profitable because they satisfy general prejudices then society has a reinforcing mechanism for such stigma – the ‘commercial stigma machine’.

The Commercial Stigma Machine

The commercial stigma machine runs something like this. Newspaper links mental illness with homicide – homicide is linked with evil. Dramatic headlines are popular and attract more readers. Sales go up. People make the link between mental illness and evil. Halloween originally representing a festival of the dead has become more commercialised, linked to ‘fright nights’ and ‘evil’. Halloween costumes and events are profitable but a theme is needed. People are more likely to want themes with established links to evil. With the reinforcing stories in the tabloids the link to ‘dangerous’ inpatients is made. Inpatient themed costumes and events satisfy that link in the context of the media coverage. Obviously I view such links as nonsense but this hypothetical scenario may well explain the pervasive theme of mental illness during Halloween.

Society’s Stigmatising Discourse

In the nineteenth century, asylums were built on the periphery of society – people with mental illness were effectively segregated from others in society. Discourse in society happens on many levels and through various media. As well as the arts, mainstream and social media the discussions happen in every walk of life. The stigma produced by the ‘discourse’ described above segregates those with mental illness from others. Countermeasures are needed to integrate those with mental illness in the discourse. Social media campaigns are an important step in this process.

A Proposal

So for Twitter users one proposal is simple – to use the hashtag #endhalloweenstigma.  However there is other work of a much deeper nature that needs to happen to address these issues in the longer term.

Update

The hashtag #Asylumno has been the central tag used in the twitter discussion.

@sectioned has written an open letter here

BBC article here

Get Surrey article here

Guardian news article here

Metro article here

BT article here

Airgates article including responses from several organisations

Rethink statement

Mind statement by Sue Baker director of ‘Time to Change’

Petitions here and here

Index: There are indices for the TAWOP site here and here Twitter: You can follow ‘The Amazing World of Psychiatry’ Twitter by clicking on this link. Podcast: You can listen to this post on Odiogo by clicking on this link (there may be a small delay between publishing of the blog article and the availability of the podcast). It is available for a limited period. TAWOP Channel: You can follow the TAWOP Channel on YouTube by clicking on this link. Responses: If you have any comments, you can leave them below or alternatively e-mail justinmarley17@yahoo.co.uk. Disclaimer: The comments made here represent the opinions of the author and do not represent the profession or any body/organisation. The comments made here are not meant as a source of medical advice and those seeking medical advice are advised to consult with their own doctor. The author is not responsible for the contents of any external sites that are linked to in this blog. Conflicts of Interest: For potential conflicts of interest please see the About section.

A Campaign Platform for the 21st Century is Transforming the Way We Challenge Stigma

awarenessIn a previous post I wrote about a controversial newspaper article which was widely condemned as stigmatising people with mental illness. A campaign against this same article has been started by a psychologist on the site Change.org. The campaign asks for the newspaper to make corrections to the story. Remarkably at the time of writing the campaign has 81,191 signatories.

At the time of writing, Change.org has 40 million members in 196 countries. Change.org was the medium for a previously successful campaign to challenge the lyrics in a song which stigmatised people with Autism.

The site Change.org has provided the platform for two campaigns and shows a simple way for people to work together to effect change. A really neat feature of these campaigns is that they are directed to the people/organisations who were responsible for stigmatising without the need for third parties.

This highlights another feature that Change.org and campaign organisers have realised which is that a direct approach is possible enabling the people/organisations to respond. This avoids miscommunication and allows for reflection. This platform gives a voice to people who feel strongly about such issues and allows them to effect change collectively.

A new force has arisen in society which circumvents frustration, powerlessness, miscommunication, marches and demonstrations and realises the might of the ‘digital pen’ in the 21st century. For a long time those with mental illness and related conditions have been stigmatised in society. Although there have been many organisations and people that have challenged this stigma, platforms such as Change.org facilitate such challenges in ways that have never been possible before and give us a bright hope for the future.

Index: There are indices for the TAWOP site here and here Twitter: You can follow ‘The Amazing World of Psychiatry’ Twitter by clicking on this link. Podcast: You can listen to this post on Odiogo by clicking on this link (there may be a small delay between publishing of the blog article and the availability of the podcast). It is available for a limited period. TAWOP Channel: You can follow the TAWOP Channel on YouTube by clicking on this link. Responses: If you have any comments, you can leave them below or alternatively e-mail justinmarley17@yahoo.co.uk. Disclaimer: The comments made here represent the opinions of the author and do not represent the profession or any body/organisation. The comments made here are not meant as a source of medical advice and those seeking medical advice are advised to consult with their own doctor. The author is not responsible for the contents of any external sites that are linked to in this blog. Conflicts of Interest: For potential conflicts of interest please see the About section.

 

Short Films About Mental Health and Illness Emerging on YouTube: ‘The Mind’ – Joint Winner of 2012 Frame of Mind Award

‘The Mind’ is the 2012 joint winner of the ‘Frame of Mind‘ award. The Tamil film tells the story of a young man with Paranoid Schizophrenia who tries to manage his illness alone and the experiences he has. Film is an excellent way to easily communicate issues about mental health and illness which otherwise might be hard for the audience to understand.

The Royal College of Psychiatrists does some very good work in relation to films with the blog ‘Minds on Film‘ by Dr Joyce Almeida.

Index: There are indices for the TAWOP site here and here Twitter: You can follow ‘The Amazing World of Psychiatry’ Twitter by clicking on this link. Podcast: You can listen to this post on Odiogo by clicking on this link (there may be a small delay between publishing of the blog article and the availability of the podcast). It is available for a limited period. TAWOP Channel: You can follow the TAWOP Channel on YouTube by clicking on this link. Responses: If you have any comments, you can leave them below or alternatively e-mail justinmarley17@yahoo.co.uk. Disclaimer: The comments made here represent the opinions of the author and do not represent the profession or any body/organisation. The comments made here are not meant as a source of medical advice and those seeking medical advice are advised to consult with their own doctor. The author is not responsible for the contents of any external sites that are linked to in this blog. Conflicts of Interest: For potential conflicts of interest please see the About section.

World Mental Health Day (TM) 2013 – Mental Health and Older People

iStock_000005349409Small SmileOctober 10th is World Mental Health Day (TM). This year the theme is ‘Mental Health and Older People’. World Mental Health Day (TM) was started by the World Mental Health Federation. There is a document here which details this year’s theme. The theme is chosen by the Board of Directors of the World Mental Health Federation.

In the article above there are several essays.

(1) Mental Health of Older Adults: Addressing a Growing Concern

(2) A Day to Reflect on the Mental Health and Wellbeing of Older People Around the World

(3) More About Dementia and Older Adults

(4) A Guide to Mental Wellness in Older Age: Depression and Older Adults

(5) The Role of Social Interventions and Rehabilitation in the Care of Older Adults

(6) Managing Complexity and Multimorbidity in Older Adults: Time to Act

(7) Healthy Ageing: Keeping Mentally Fit as You Age

(8) Mental Health Service for the Elderly in Thailand

(9) Person Centred Care for Older Adults – “The Culture Change Movement”

(10) Grief and Older Adults

(11) Caring for the Alzheimer’s Disease Patient

(12) Collaborating with Families in the Care of Elderly Patients

(13) FACT SHEET: Taking Care of You. Self-care for family caregivers

(14) Caregivers of Older Adults: Challenges and Support

World Mental Health Day (TM) is a registered trademark of the World Mental Health Federation.

Index: There are indices for the TAWOP site here and here Twitter: You can follow ‘The Amazing World of Psychiatry’ Twitter by clicking on this link. Podcast: You can listen to this post on Odiogo by clicking on this link (there may be a small delay between publishing of the blog article and the availability of the podcast). It is available for a limited period. TAWOP Channel: You can follow the TAWOP Channel on YouTube by clicking on this link. Responses: If you have any comments, you can leave them below or alternatively e-mail justinmarley17@yahoo.co.uk. Disclaimer: The comments made here represent the opinions of the author and do not represent the profession or any body/organisation. The comments made here are not meant as a source of medical advice and those seeking medical advice are advised to consult with their own doctor. The author is not responsible for the contents of any external sites that are linked to in this blog.