Tag Archives: psychiatry blog

News Round-Up December 2013 2nd Edition

NHS England has started to publish NHS health data which can be downloaded and used under an Open Government License.

The Hospital Episode Statistics Mental Health Minimum Datasets  report summary statistics make for interesting reading. Approximately 1.29 million service users for adult mental health services were identified.

An updated Cochrane review of mobile phone messaging reminders to attend clinic appointments. The reviewers conclude that there is evidence that text messages are as effective as phone call reminders and more effective than either no reminders or letters. However the reviewers call for more research in the form of randomised trials.

A recent audit of memory clinics by the Royal College of Psychiatrists shows a four-fold increase in the number of people attending memory clinics since 2011.

Atapuerca
Atapuerca

Appendix

News Round-Up 2008-2011

News Round-Up 2012

Index: There are indices for the TAWOP site here and here Twitter: You can follow ‘The Amazing World of Psychiatry’ Twitter by clicking on this link. Podcast: You can listen to this post on Odiogo by clicking on this link (there may be a small delay between publishing of the blog article and the availability of the podcast). It is available for a limited period. TAWOP Channel: You can follow the TAWOP Channel on YouTube by clicking on this link. Responses: If you have any comments, you can leave them below or alternatively e-mail justinmarley17@yahoo.co.uk. Disclaimer: The comments made here represent the opinions of the author and do not represent the profession or any body/organisation. The comments made here are not meant as a source of medical advice and those seeking medical advice are advised to consult with their own doctor. The author is not responsible for the contents of any external sites that are linked to in this blog. Conflicts of Interest: For potential conflicts of interest please see the About section.

Exercise in Dementia Investigated in Cochrane Review News Round-Up December 2013 1st Edition

An updated Cochrane review finds evidence for a benefit of exercise on cognition but not mood in Dementia. 16 trials were included with a total of 937 subjects.

A study investigating Williams Syndrome was published in Developmental Neuropsychology. The researchers found that evoked response potentials differed from a control group when sounds and faces were presented which may be linked to other findings relating to social skills.

A study of older adults aged 65-84 provided evidence of increased social activity in men being linked with reduced mortality which the researchers found was partially mediated by mobility.

Neuroscience

brain.1

Researchers publishing a repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) study looked at speech repetition. They used rTMS on the left hemisphere as a model for cerebrovascular accidents. The researchers found right hemisphere compensation with speech repetition. Such rapid adaptation gives possible insights into brain plasticity.

A mutation in the gene coding for the GABAA Beta 1 subunit was linked to excessive alcohol consumption in mice in this study.

Researchers investigated people undergoing surgery for Epilepsy. Brain electrodes can be used in the preoperative preparation. In this study, researchers used virtual reality environments to link activity in place cells in the Hippocampus with memories which effectively had ‘spatial tags’.

Evolutionary Psychiatry/Evolution/Culture

Evolutionary PsychiatryResearchers have undertaken an analysis of the mitochondrial DNA of the hominid species discovered in a cave in Atapeurca in Spain. This species was initially thought to be Homo Heidelbergensis but was recently reclassified as Homo Neanderthalensis. Now researchers analysing the mitochondrial DNA have linked them instead with the Denisovans and hypothesise that they may be ancestors of the Denisovans.

Atapuerca
Atapuerca

Appendix

News Round-Up 2008-2011

News Round-Up 2012

Index: There are indices for the TAWOP site here and here Twitter: You can follow ‘The Amazing World of Psychiatry’ Twitter by clicking on this link. Podcast: You can listen to this post on Odiogo by clicking on this link (there may be a small delay between publishing of the blog article and the availability of the podcast). It is available for a limited period. TAWOP Channel: You can follow the TAWOP Channel on YouTube by clicking on this link. Responses: If you have any comments, you can leave them below or alternatively e-mail justinmarley17@yahoo.co.uk. Disclaimer: The comments made here represent the opinions of the author and do not represent the profession or any body/organisation. The comments made here are not meant as a source of medical advice and those seeking medical advice are advised to consult with their own doctor. The author is not responsible for the contents of any external sites that are linked to in this blog. Conflicts of Interest: For potential conflicts of interest please see the About section.

Brain Activity Correlates of Facial Recognition News Round-Up November 2013 4th Edition

A look at cognitive tests that may be used in clinical trials with a mention of correlations with Amyloid load.

A write-up of a recently FDA approved Amyloid imaging agent.

Researchers find accumulation of alpha-synuclein in gastrointestinal system in Parkinson’s Disease.

Post-mortem brain biopsy study looks at sensitivity in the diagnosis of neurodegenerative disorders.

This study suggests DNA methylation may be a therapeutic target in FTLD. However further research needed.

This small study finds anterior Cingulate atrophy in bvFTD and posterior Cingulate atrophy in DAT.

This autopsy ADNI study show evidence of 100% specificity and 80% sensitivity for detecting DLB with Occipital FDG-PET.

Australian AIBL study finds 30.5% rate of conversion from MCI to DAT over 18 months in the study sample.

This CSF study investigates biomarkers to distinguish DAT from control and finds two metabolite candidates.

CSF-Presenilin 1 complexes were elevated in DAT in this post-mortem study.

A look at the evidence on omega-3 fatty acids and cognitive decline

Failure in reverse fox test was linked to Parietal hypoperfusion in DAT

Researchers develop new preparation of Methylene Blue using nanoparticles.

Researchers in this EEG study find difference in right temporal region frequencies in DAT compared with controls.

Neuroscience

brain.1

A write-up of a study providing evidence that creativity in the arts is increasing and in writing decreasing.

Coffee in the afternoon was associated with sleep reduction in this study.

This study suggests nostalgia is linked to optimism. Subjects recalled nostalgic memories and   songs.

This face recognition fMRI study looked at the context of facial recognition. Activity in the fusiform gyrus and Superior Temporal Sulcus were correlated with facial recognition.

Researchers identify a 5th type of boredom – apathetic boredom and the researchers suggest that people mainly experience just one type of boredom.

Appendix

News Round-Up 2008-2011

News Round-Up 2012

Index: There are indices for the TAWOP site here and here Twitter: You can follow ‘The Amazing World of Psychiatry’ Twitter by clicking on this link. Podcast: You can listen to this post on Odiogo by clicking on this link (there may be a small delay between publishing of the blog article and the availability of the podcast). It is available for a limited period. TAWOP Channel: You can follow the TAWOP Channel on YouTube by clicking on this link. Responses: If you have any comments, you can leave them below or alternatively e-mail justinmarley17@yahoo.co.uk. Disclaimer: The comments made here represent the opinions of the author and do not represent the profession or any body/organisation. The comments made here are not meant as a source of medical advice and those seeking medical advice are advised to consult with their own doctor. The author is not responsible for the contents of any external sites that are linked to in this blog. Conflicts of Interest: For potential conflicts of interest please see the About section.