Podcast Review: Jung on Typology

The featured podcast is Betts on Jungian Analytic Psychology Episode #13 and freely available here. In this episode, Betts continues his discussion of typology and focuses on how to determine the superior function. He distinguishes the introvert and extrovert and notes that:

The introvert presents themselves to the world using their second best function

Betts likens the superior function to the captain steering the ship and the auxiliary function being the first mate. So if a person is an introvert, other people will not obtain a good sense of that person from their immediate interactions. It will take some time for them to become familiar with the person’s introspective processes. Betts also gives the listener a quick guide to the functions. There then follows an interesting discussion of how functions can be undifferentiated when as in the case of extraversion they may take on a more egocentric quality akin to the properties of the unconsciousness or manifesting in the anima/animus. What was also interesting was that when using the less well developed functions the person may experience ‘ambivalence’ or ‘ambitendency’ (which I also note in some circumstances can be examples of psychopathology). However it was when Betts was reading a quote from Jung that things got really interesting. Jung had created the typing, it appears, on the basis of some assumptions. So for instance, he demarcates thinking and feeling as being mutually exclusive. Of course, on further reflection, they are not necessarily exclusive and indeed may be very closely connected. Gary Kasparov, former world chess champion describes his experience of the relationship between thinking and feeling

Emotion is a critical element of decision-making, not a sin always to be avoided…..On some occasions this anxiety created negative emotions like doubt. More often it generated greater creative tension, greater supplies of nervous tension, which is a chess player’s lifeblood

So here then is an example of the importance of emotions in a game that is classically considered to be one of abstract reasoning. The concept of the inter-relationship of thinking or decision making and emotions was explored in detail in Damasio’s celebrated book ‘Descartes Error’ reviewed here. So the question here is ‘has Jung made a mistake in clearly demarcating thinking and feeling?’. Not necessarily – as these are preferences. However if people during the process of individuation focus on developing one specifically to the exclusion of the other, then they might possibly be working against their biology. The potential significance of this issue means that it should at least be considered as a starting point for further discussion.

As always Betts is able to bring Jung to a wider audience and thereby facilitates a wider debate and enrichment of culture and Jungian analytic theory.


If you have any comments, you can leave them below or alternatively e-mail justinmarley17@yahoo.co.uk


The comments made here represent the opinions of the author and do not represent the profession or any body/organisation. The comments made here are not meant as a source of medical advice and those seeking medical advice are advised to consult with their own doctor. The author is not responsible for the contents of any external sites that are linked to in this blog.


  1. Nice post! You truly have a wonderful way of writing which I find captivating! I will definitely be bookmarking you and returning to your blog. In fact, your post reminded me about a strange thing that happened to me the other day. I’ll tell you about that later…


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s