YouTubing the Brain’s Awareness Centre: The Anterior Cingulate Cortex – Brodmann Areas 24 and 25

Hagmann et al,  (2008), Extract from Figure 1 from Mapping the Structural Core of Human Cerebral Cortex, PLoS Biol 6(7): e159, Creative Commons 2.5 License

The brain is a complex structure and but can be organised according to several principles. One approach is to characterise the brain regions according to the microscopic properties of these regions.  More specifically the neurons are organised differently between regions. Some regions may contain unique types of neurons. This approach to understanding the organisation of the brain was proposed by the German Neuropathologist Korbinian Brodmann and resulted in the eponymously named Brodmann Area. There are 52 areas in all and I have covered other Brodmann Areas elsewhere (see Appendix). Searching YouTube for relevant videos on the different Brodmann Areas has turned up occasional videos of interest (see Appendix). I undertook a search for Brodmann Areas 24 and 25 which returned a few results which had previously been retrieved when searching for other Brodmann Areas. These were more generic videos about the Brodmann Areas.

However entering the term ‘Anterior Cingulate Cortex’ produced more results and these were specific to the search question.

Professor Mayberg talks about biomarkers for assessing treatment response in depression including activity in the Anterior Cingulate Cortex

Professor Ramachandaran talks about the Anterior Cingulate Cortex in relation to the qualia of consciousness in this video

Professor Kaszniak discusses metamemory in this University of Arizona lecture

Dr Phillipe Goldin gives a talk on the Neuroscience of emotions in this Google Talks video

SuperAkihabara takes us through the Anterior Cingulate Cortex and has experience in this area from his research.

In this video he talks about working memory

The Anterior Cingulate Cortex is one of the areas that is activated when subjects listen to Chopin’s Etude in E Major Op 10 No 3 with the results displayed in this video

Haseeb2 talks about a study he’s read about in Scientific American. Although he points out to the Cingulate Cortex in the video he corrects this in the comments section (similar to the picture above where the Anterior Cingulate Cortex is shown to the left of the Posterior Cingulate). Haseeb2 talks about some of the activity correlates of the Anterior Cingulate Cortex including emotions and pain (also relevant to the Insular Cortex which has close recipricocity with the Anterior Cingulate Cortex).

Haseeb2 talks about the Anterior Cingulate Cortex in more detail in this video

Two neuroscience graduates explains their theory that the Cingulate Cortex does everything. Although slightly tongue-in-cheek in parts they’ve spotted a trend in the research publications (which seems to be matched by a healthy interest on YouTube!).

These researchers talk about the design of their study (which involves neuroimaging) to investigate decision making by managers in organisations and the factors that lead to flexibility and improved performance.

This video below is not for the squeamish but illustrates the anatomy in a surgical resection of a glioma in the Right Anterior Cingulate gyrus

The functional connectivity network of the Cingulate Cortex are displayed in this video based on the results of a study by Yeo and colleagues

The Brain Parts Song by Aaron Wolf


Neuroanatomy Resources

Index: There are indices for the TAWOP site here and here Twitter: You can follow ‘The Amazing World of Psychiatry’ Twitter by clicking on this link. Podcast: You can listen to this post on Odiogo by clicking on this link (there may be a small delay between publishing of the blog article and the availability of the podcast). It is available for a limited period. TAWOP Channel: You can follow the TAWOP Channel on YouTube by clicking on this link. Responses: If you have any comments, you can leave them below or alternatively e-mail Disclaimer: The comments made here represent the opinions of the author and do not represent the profession or any body/organisation. The comments made here are not meant as a source of medical advice and those seeking medical advice are advised to consult with their own doctor. The author is not responsible for the contents of any external sites that are linked to in this blog.


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