The question of whether Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM) is associated with an increased risk of Dementia was asked in one study that was presented at the Alzheimer’s Association International Conference in 2015. There are two sources for the presentation here and here.
There were 490,344 persons aged >= 60 years and followed up over 12 years. During this time 16% of people with IDDM developed Dementia compared to 12% of those without IDDM. However after adjustment for other risk factors the hazards ratio for Dementia with IDDM compared to Dementia without IDDM was 1.83 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.3 – 2.5).
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