Mare Lõhmus has written an interesting paper on the biological links between mental illness and heat. The paper covers a broad range of topics relevant to this central relationship. Lõhmus looks at neurotransmitters as well as neuroimaging studies and the link with sleep. In terms of sleep, Lõhmus cites hot chamber studies revealing a reduction in slow wave and REM sleep with high temperatures and also suggests there may be a distinction between the effects of the timing of heat on sleep. Lõhmus also looks at the historical record including the European heatwave of 2003 and research looking at the New York State Psychiatric Hospital between 1950 and 1983.
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