Monthly Archives: December 2013

Genome Data from NIMH Alzheimer’s Disease Sequencing Project Released News Round-Up December 2013 4th Edition

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The National Institute of Health has released the genome data from their Alzheimer’s Disease sequencing project. The project includes 410 people within 89 families.

Virginia Hughes looks at a study comparing aging in 46 species including humans with some interesting results.

Neuroscience

The replication of 10 out of 13 effects in psychological studies has been widely reported. At a superficial level it seems promising that a large proportion of the effects can be replicated. However in the above link Tal Yarkoni provides a more detailed assessment with reference to the blogosphere.

What does compassion sound like? This study has an answer.

Evolutionary Psychiatry/Evolution/Culture

New Scientist has an interesting subscription article about how Kalahari hunters were recruited to interpret footprints from the Ice Age in a cave in France.

One of the mutations leading to Diabetes in humans appears to have been inherited from Neanderthals according to this study.

Appendix

News Round-Up 2008-2011

News Round-Up 2012

Index: There are indices for the TAWOP site here and here Twitter: You can follow ‘The Amazing World of Psychiatry’ Twitter by clicking on this link. Podcast: You can listen to this post on Odiogo by clicking on this link (there may be a small delay between publishing of the blog article and the availability of the podcast). It is available for a limited period. TAWOP Channel: You can follow the TAWOP Channel on YouTube by clicking on this link. Responses: If you have any comments, you can leave them below or alternatively e-mail justinmarley17@yahoo.co.uk. Disclaimer: The comments made here represent the opinions of the author and do not represent the profession or any body/organisation. The comments made here are not meant as a source of medical advice and those seeking medical advice are advised to consult with their own doctor. The author is not responsible for the contents of any external sites that are linked to in this blog. Conflicts of Interest: For potential conflicts of interest please see the About section.

Seasons Greetings!

Seasons greetings to all the readers!

Index: There are indices for the TAWOP site here and here Twitter: You can follow ‘The Amazing World of Psychiatry’ Twitter by clicking on this link. Podcast: You can listen to this post on Odiogo by clicking on this link (there may be a small delay between publishing of the blog article and the availability of the podcast). It is available for a limited period. TAWOP Channel: You can follow the TAWOP Channel on YouTube by clicking on this link. Responses: If you have any comments, you can leave them below or alternatively e-mail justinmarley17@yahoo.co.uk. Disclaimer: The comments made here represent the opinions of the author and do not represent the profession or any body/organisation. The comments made here are not meant as a source of medical advice and those seeking medical advice are advised to consult with their own doctor. The author is not responsible for the contents of any external sites that are linked to in this blog. Conflicts of Interest: For potential conflicts of interest please see the About section.

Study Looks at Outcome in Depression Studies Published Before 1970 News Round-Up December 2013 3rd Edition

Researchers in this small 12-week trial of an SSRI in depression looked at grey matter volume at the beginning of the trial and cognitive and mood changes by the end of the trial. Subjects were aged 55 and over (n=34). The researchers found that a larger improvement in mood was associated with greater grey matter volume in several areas including the Cingulate gyrus as well as the superior and middle Frontal gyri.

This Cochrane trial looked at methods for retaining recruits to randomised trials. The reviewers concluded that incentives either after return of a completed questionnaire or with the questionnaire with a further incentive were the most effective methods for retaining recruits.

Researchers in this study looked at the outcome in mood disorders in the period before the widespread introduction of antidepressants, major tranquilisers and mood stabilisers. Subjects were follow up for between 1 and 30 years. The studies included 14,000 people and were published before 1970. The researchers had three main findings

1. Median rate of recovery was lower than in more recent studies

2. The time to recovery was longer than in more recent studies

3. The rate of recovery was higher than in more recent studies.

However there were methodological limitations. For instance antidepressants were introduced in the 1950’s and so this does not preclude the use of effective antidepressants in these older studies.

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Atapuerca

Appendix

News Round-Up 2008-2011

News Round-Up 2012

Index: There are indices for the TAWOP site here and here Twitter: You can follow ‘The Amazing World of Psychiatry’ Twitter by clicking on this link. Podcast: You can listen to this post on Odiogo by clicking on this link (there may be a small delay between publishing of the blog article and the availability of the podcast). It is available for a limited period. TAWOP Channel: You can follow the TAWOP Channel on YouTube by clicking on this link. Responses: If you have any comments, you can leave them below or alternatively e-mail justinmarley17@yahoo.co.uk. Disclaimer: The comments made here represent the opinions of the author and do not represent the profession or any body/organisation. The comments made here are not meant as a source of medical advice and those seeking medical advice are advised to consult with their own doctor. The author is not responsible for the contents of any external sites that are linked to in this blog. Conflicts of Interest: For potential conflicts of interest please see the About section.

A Story of Building Happiness (Updated 11.10.14)

Sam Berns has a condition known as Progeria. Progeria has been described as a premature aging condition although Progeria also has features which are not typically seen in the ageing process such as delayed tooth eruption and bone hypoplasia.

At the age of 17, Sam Berns has developed some rules for happiness which he discusses in this talk. He focuses on the things that he is able to do and on moving forward. His talk is an inspiring story of resilience.

Addendum

Sam Berns passed away on January 10th 2014.

Index: There are indices for the TAWOP site here and here Twitter: You can follow ‘The Amazing World of Psychiatry’ Twitter by clicking on this link. Podcast: You can listen to this post on Odiogo by clicking on this link (there may be a small delay between publishing of the blog article and the availability of the podcast). It is available for a limited period. TAWOP Channel: You can follow the TAWOP Channel on YouTube by clicking on this link. Responses: If you have any comments, you can leave them below or alternatively e-mail justinmarley17@yahoo.co.uk. Disclaimer: The comments made here represent the opinions of the author and do not represent the profession or any body/organisation. The comments made here are not meant as a source of medical advice and those seeking medical advice are advised to consult with their own doctor. The author is not responsible for the contents of any external sites that are linked to in this blog. Conflicts of Interest: For potential conflicts of interest please see the About section.

The Power of Purpose, Mastery and Autonomy

This is a great video from the RSA Animates series (RSA stands for Royal Society for the encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce). The video explains the role of purpose, mastery and autonomy in performance and how they contrast with more straightforward incentives for performance.

Index: There are indices for the TAWOP site here and here Twitter: You can follow ‘The Amazing World of Psychiatry’ Twitter by clicking on this link. Podcast: You can listen to this post on Odiogo by clicking on this link (there may be a small delay between publishing of the blog article and the availability of the podcast). It is available for a limited period. TAWOP Channel: You can follow the TAWOP Channel on YouTube by clicking on this link. Responses: If you have any comments, you can leave them below or alternatively e-mail justinmarley17@yahoo.co.uk. Disclaimer: The comments made here represent the opinions of the author and do not represent the profession or any body/organisation. The comments made here are not meant as a source of medical advice and those seeking medical advice are advised to consult with their own doctor. The author is not responsible for the contents of any external sites that are linked to in this blog. Conflicts of Interest: For potential conflicts of interest please see the About section.

Neurodegeneration: A Look at the Pathology of Prion Diseases

Dr Corinne Lasmezas discusses her research into prions and their role in neurodegenerative diseases such as Creutzfeld-Jacob disease. Dr Lasmezas also discusses her approach to looking for potential therapeutic agents.

Index: There are indices for the TAWOP site here and here Twitter: You can follow ‘The Amazing World of Psychiatry’ Twitter by clicking on this link. Podcast: You can listen to this post on Odiogo by clicking on this link (there may be a small delay between publishing of the blog article and the availability of the podcast). It is available for a limited period. TAWOP Channel: You can follow the TAWOP Channel on YouTube by clicking on this link. Responses: If you have any comments, you can leave them below or alternatively e-mail justinmarley17@yahoo.co.uk. Disclaimer: The comments made here represent the opinions of the author and do not represent the profession or any body/organisation. The comments made here are not meant as a source of medical advice and those seeking medical advice are advised to consult with their own doctor. The author is not responsible for the contents of any external sites that are linked to in this blog. Conflicts of Interest: For potential conflicts of interest please see the About section.

News Round-Up December 2013 2nd Edition

NHS England has started to publish NHS health data which can be downloaded and used under an Open Government License.

The Hospital Episode Statistics Mental Health Minimum Datasets  report summary statistics make for interesting reading. Approximately 1.29 million service users for adult mental health services were identified.

An updated Cochrane review of mobile phone messaging reminders to attend clinic appointments. The reviewers conclude that there is evidence that text messages are as effective as phone call reminders and more effective than either no reminders or letters. However the reviewers call for more research in the form of randomised trials.

A recent audit of memory clinics by the Royal College of Psychiatrists shows a four-fold increase in the number of people attending memory clinics since 2011.

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Appendix

News Round-Up 2008-2011

News Round-Up 2012

Index: There are indices for the TAWOP site here and here Twitter: You can follow ‘The Amazing World of Psychiatry’ Twitter by clicking on this link. Podcast: You can listen to this post on Odiogo by clicking on this link (there may be a small delay between publishing of the blog article and the availability of the podcast). It is available for a limited period. TAWOP Channel: You can follow the TAWOP Channel on YouTube by clicking on this link. Responses: If you have any comments, you can leave them below or alternatively e-mail justinmarley17@yahoo.co.uk. Disclaimer: The comments made here represent the opinions of the author and do not represent the profession or any body/organisation. The comments made here are not meant as a source of medical advice and those seeking medical advice are advised to consult with their own doctor. The author is not responsible for the contents of any external sites that are linked to in this blog. Conflicts of Interest: For potential conflicts of interest please see the About section.