Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893)
Jean-Martin Charcot was both a neurologist and psychiatrist who trained under Duchenne de Bologne. Charcot worked at the Hôpital universitaire Pitié-Salpêtrière in Paris. Charcot described both Multiple Sclerosis and the eponymous Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. He also developed the understanding of Parkinson’s Disease. All of these accomplishments were sufficient to qualify Charcot as an important figure in the development of Neurology.
However Charcot is also noted for his conceptualisation of hysteria and hypnotism. Charcot was influenced by Mesmer. He believed that hysteria resulted from a hereditary predisposition and was a disorder of the nervous system. He further believed that the ability to be hypnotised occurred in the hysterical state.
Sigmund Freud was a student of Charcot and his later works were influenced by the theories of Charcot. Charcot debated with Hippolyte Bernheim who believed that hynotism was due to suggestion rather than an underlying neurological predisposition.
Charcot’s works traversed both Neurology and Psychiatry and in modern terms he may be considered a Neuropsychiatrist as well as a Neurologist. His teaching was to influence Freud and the later development of Psychoanalysis.
Twitter: You can follow ‘The Amazing World of Psychiatry’ Twitter by clicking on this link.
TAWOP Channel: You can follow the TAWOP Channel on YouTube by clicking on this link.
Responses: If you have any comments, you can leave them below or alternatively e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
Disclaimer: The comments made here represent the opinions of the author and do not represent the profession or any body/organisation. The comments made here are not meant as a source of medical advice and those seeking medical advice are advised to consult with their own doctor. The author is not responsible for the contents of any external sites that are linked to in this blog.
Conflicts of Interest: *For potential conflicts of interest please see the About section