Daily Archives: January 20, 2017

Measuring Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet

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D’Alessandro and de Pergalo have published an article on dietary indexes for the Mediterranean diet.

They are primarily interested in cardiovascular disease research.

I’ve looked at this article to learn a little more about how adherence to the Mediterranean diet is measured. There is a lot of research about the Mediterranean diet and possible health benefits.

A core aspect of these studies is how adherence to the diet is measured. Researchers need to generate a quantitative measure of dietary adherence in order to correlate this with health measures (there are very valuable insights that can also be gained from qualitative studies).

The paper is a comprehensive review of the literature and along the way, the authors propose how different food groups could be treated in terms of indexes in future studies.

What I found really interesting was how the different indexes vary subtly and even individual measures generate variations which are then further refined. Understanding these indexes is key to understanding what researchers are measuring and the ecological validity.

This paper is a good starting point for those interested in the literature around the Mediterranean diet

Index: There are indices for the TAWOP site here and here

Twitter: You can follow ‘The Amazing World of Psychiatry’ Twitter by clicking on this link.

TAWOP Channel: You can follow the TAWOP Channel on YouTube by clicking on this link.

Responses: If you have any comments, you can leave them below or alternatively e-mail justinmarley17@yahoo.co.uk.

Disclaimer: The comments made here represent the opinions of the author and do not represent the profession or any body/organisation. The comments made here are not meant as a source of medical advice and those seeking medical advice are advised to consult with their own doctor. The author is not responsible for the contents of any external sites that are linked to in this blog.

Conflicts of Interest: *For potential conflicts of interest please see the About section.

Over 1 Million Relationships: SNOMED CT®

Dr Kent Spackman, former chief terminologist for IHTSDO gives a presentation on SNOMED CT. The talk is divided into several segments (presumably for technical reasons) and I think part of the middle section may be missing. The videos above are helpful in gaining insights into the sheer scale of SNOMED CT as a coding system.

Dr Spackman aims to provide an overview without going into too much technical detail. He explains clinical identifiers, concepts, classes and instances, item and partition identifiers as well as a check digits. Dr Spackman explains the subtle semantics which reflect programming terminology and concepts.

There are 63,564 disorder concepts. 27948 organisms and 25,627 body structures as well 139,348 defining relationships using anatomy. There are over 1 million relationships that are possible within the SNOMED CT coding system. He also talks about the specialised rules that define the relationships.

Dr Spackman also talks about information models. For instance free text is one of the simplest information models but makes it difficult for analysis.

The presentation gives an insight into the complexity and flexibility of SNOMED CT.

Appendix A – Other Posts in the Series on Health Information Exchanges

Arizona Statewide Health Information Exchange

A History of The Health Information Exchange in Pennsylvania

The Arkansas Health Information Exchange – SHARE

The California Health Information Exchange – Cal Index

Health Information Exchanges

Health Information Exchanges and Chronic Conditions

HIPPA and Health Information Exchanges

Creating a Health Information Exchange in Arizona

Standardisation of Health Information Technology in New Zealand

Why Do We Need Electronic Record Systems to Talk to Each Other

Appendix B – Definition of Health Information Exchange

This is the definition of the Health Information Exchange that I use (Hersh et al, 2015)

Health information exchange (HIE), the electronic sharing of clinical information across the boundaries of health care organizations‘.

Index: There are indices for the TAWOP site here and here

Twitter: You can follow ‘The Amazing World of Psychiatry’ Twitter by clicking on this link.

TAWOP Channel: You can follow the TAWOP Channel on YouTube by clicking on this link.

Responses: If you have any comments, you can leave them below or alternatively e-mail justinmarley17@yahoo.co.uk.

Disclaimer: The comments made here represent the opinions of the author and do not represent the profession or any body/organisation. The comments made here are not meant as a source of medical advice and those seeking medical advice are advised to consult with their own doctor. The author is not responsible for the contents of any external sites that are linked to in this blog.

Conflicts of Interest: *For potential conflicts of interest please see the About section.